Home Loan for Commercial Property Purchase in India

March 02, 2023


Home loan for purchasing a commercial property is a type of loan provided by banks and financial institutions in India. Individuals can avail of this loan, firms, companies, and other legal entities who want to buy commercial property for business purposes. The loan amount can be used to purchase a new property, renovate an existing property, or expand the business. A home loan to buy a commercial building property can be helpful for businesses looking to expand or establish their operations. However, it is crucial to consider the terms and conditions of the loan before availing it and ensure that the loan repayment is manageable for the business. Read about some of India’s best commercial property loans in this guide. Additionally, read about various aspects of a commercial building property loan.

Top 10 Commercial Property Loans in India

Commercial Property Loan Name Interest Rate Processing Fee
Axis Bank Commercial Property Loan 8% onwards 1% of loan amount
Kotak Mahindra Bank Commercial Property Loan 8.90% onwards 1% of loan amount
Standard Chartered Bank Commercial Property Loan 8.75% onwards 1% of loan amount
HDFC Bank Commercial Property Loan 9.05% onwards 1% of loan amount
Yes Bank Commercial Property Loan 9.05% onwards 1% of loan amount
Bajaj Housing Finance Commercial Property Loan 8.05% onwards 1% of loan amount
PNB Commercial Property Loan 9.05% onwards 1% of loan amount
IndusInd Bank Commercial Property Loan 9.50% onwards 2% of loan amount
ICICI Bank Commercial Property Loan 9% onwards 1% of loan amount
Edelweiss Commercial Property Loan 9.50% onwards 1% of loan amount

Features and Benefits

Features and benefits of a commercial property loan:


  • Large loan amounts: Commercial property loans can provide large loan amounts, typically ranging from several hundred thousand dollars to several million dollars, depending on the value of the property.
  • Longer repayment terms: Repayment terms for commercial property loans can be longer than those for traditional loans, ranging from five to 25 years or more.
  • Variable or fixed interest rates: Commercial property loans can have variable or fixed interest rates, depending on the lender’s preference and market conditions.
  • Collateral: Commercial property loans are secured by the property being financed, which means that the lender can seize the property in the event of default.


  • Increased buying power: Commercial property loans can provide the buying power needed to acquire a property that might otherwise be unaffordable.
  • Flexible repayment terms: Longer and more flexible repayment options can help borrowers manage their cash flow and maintain a stable financial position.
  • Tax benefits: Interest payments on commercial property loans may be tax-deductible, providing a significant financial benefit to borrowers.
  • Property appreciation: As property values increase, the equity in the property can be used to secure additional loans, providing access to capital for other business needs.
  • Improved credit rating: Making timely payments on a commercial property loan can help borrowers improve their credit rating, making it easier to obtain additional loans in the future.

Eligibility Criteria

To qualify for a commercial property loan, a borrower must meet specific eligibility criteria. These criteria typically include

  • The borrower must own a business or have a stake in a business that operates on the property.
  • A minimum credit score is required to qualify for a commercial property loan. Typically, a score of 680 or higher is required.
  • The borrower must demonstrate financial stability and show that they can make loan payments.
  • The property being financed serves as collateral for the loan. Therefore, the borrower must have sufficient equity in the property.
  • A down payment is typically required to secure a commercial property loan. This amount varies based on the lender and the property being financed.
  • The borrower must have sufficient income to cover the loan payments and other business expenses.
  • The property being financed must be used for commercial purposes, such as office space, retail space, or industrial space.

These criteria can vary depending on the lender and the specific loan program. Borrowers need to understand the eligibility requirements and work with a lender who can provide the financing they need.

Documents Required

The documents required for a commercial property loan may vary depending on the lender and the type of property. Still, generally, you can expect to be asked for the following documents:

  • Personal Identification.
  • Business Plan
  • Property Details
  • Financial Statements
  • Tax Returns
  • Credit History
  • Appraisal Report
  • Environmental Reports

It’s important to remember that each lender may have different requirements and may ask for additional documents, so it’s best to speak with a loan officer directly to determine what specific documents will be required for your commercial property loan application.

Differences Between Funding a Residential and Commercial Property

The funding process for residential and commercial properties can vary significantly. Here are some of the key differences.

Criteria Commercial Property Loan Residential Loan
Loan size Commercial properties typically require larger loans than residential properties. Residential loans are typically much smaller compared to commercial loans.
Interest rates Commercial loans typically have higher interest rates. Residential loans have lesser interest rates.
Loan term Commercial loans may have terms of 5 to 20 years. Residential loans can have terms of up to 30 years.
Down payment Commercial lenders may require a down payment of 20% to 30% or more. Residential lenders may require as little as 3% to 5%.
Loan-to-value ratio Commercial lenders may only lend up to a certain percentage of the property’s value, known as the loan-to-value ratio (LTV). This ratio is typically lower for commercial properties than for residential properties.
Credit requirements Commercial lenders usually require a higher credit score and more extensive financial documentation. Residential loans have relatively lower requirements for credit scores and documentation.
Purpose of the property Commercial properties used for rental income may require a different type of loan than those used for a business. Residential loans may be used for construction, renovation, or acquiring land purposes.

Overall, the funding process for a commercial property can be more complex and may require more extensive documentation and higher down payments than funding a residential property. Working with an experienced lender and real estate professional is essential to ensure you understand the funding requirements for the property you’re interested in.

How to Calculate the Loan Amount and EMI?

To calculate the loan amount and EMI for a commercial property loan, follow these steps:

  • Determine the property value: The loan amount for a commercial property loan is usually based on the property’s market value. You can use online property valuation tools or consult a property appraiser to determine the value.
  • Decide on the loan-to-value ratio (LTV): The LTV ratio is the percentage of the property value the lender is willing to lend.
  • Choose the loan tenure: The loan tenure is the duration for which you need the loan. It can be anywhere between 5 and 25 years, depending on the lender and your repayment capacity.
  • Check the interest rate: The interest rate is the cost of borrowing the loan amount. It may be fixed or floating and can vary depending on the lender, loan amount, and other factors.
  • Use an EMI calculator: Once you have the loan amount, tenure, and interest rate, you can use an EMI calculator to estimate your monthly payments. An EMI calculator takes into account the loan amount, interest rate, and tenure to give you an estimate of your monthly payments.
  • Apply for the loan: Once you have calculated the loan amount and EMI, you can apply for the loan with the lender of your choice. You will need to provide the necessary documents, such as property documents, income proof, and identity proof, to complete the loan application process.

Security and Collateral Requirements

Commercial property loans are a popular financing option for businesses looking to invest in property. However, lenders often require a range of security and collateral requirements to ensure the loan is repaid in full. Here are some common security and collateral requirements for commercial property loans:

  • Property as collateral: The most common form of security for commercial property loans is the property itself. The lender will require a first mortgage on the property as collateral to secure the loan.
  • Personal guarantees: In addition to the property, lenders may also require personal guarantees from the borrower or other business owners. This means the guarantor agrees to repay the loan if the borrower defaults.
  • Cash flow projections: Lenders will require a detailed financial analysis of the borrower’s cash flow projections to ensure they have the ability to repay the loan.
  • Business plan: Lenders may also require a detailed business plan that outlines the borrower’s long-term goals and how they plan to achieve them.
  • Appraisal: Lenders will require an appraisal of the property to ensure that the value of the property is sufficient to cover the loan.
  • Environmental assessments: Lenders may also require environmental assessments to ensure that the property is free of environmental hazards and that the borrower will not be liable for any cleanup costs.
  • Insurance: Lenders will require insurance to protect the property and the lender’s interests in the event of any damage or loss.

Overall, commercial property loans are a valuable financing option for businesses looking to invest in property. However, borrowers should be prepared to meet the security and collateral requirements of lenders to ensure that they are able to obtain the loan they need.

How to Prepare a Project Report for a Commercial Property Loan

Preparing a project report for a commercial property loan is a critical step in securing financing from lenders. The report should provide a detailed analysis of the project, including its feasibility, profitability, and potential risks. Here are the key components to include in your project report:

  • Executive Summary: This section should provide a brief overview of the project, including the purpose of the loan, the borrower’s experience, the property’s location, and the estimated cost of the project.
  • Project Description: In this section, provide a detailed description of the project, including the type of commercial property, its size, and the expected construction timeline. Include details on any permits or approvals needed and any environmental or zoning considerations.
  • Market Analysis: Conduct a market analysis to determine the demand for the type of property you are constructing in the local area. This should include demographic information, the competitive landscape, and trends in the real estate market.
  • Financial Analysis: This section should provide a detailed financial analysis of the project, including projected income and expenses, the expected return on investment, and cash flow projections. Provide a detailed breakdown of the costs associated with the project, including construction, materials, labour, permits, and legal fees.
  • Risk Assessment: Identify potential risks associated with the project and explain how they will be mitigated. This may include risks associated with construction, environmental factors, or changes in the local economy.
  • Borrower Information: Provide information on the borrower, including their experience in real estate development, their financial history, and their ability to repay the loan.
  • Supporting Documents: Include any supporting documents, such as property appraisals, blueprints, permits, and financial statements.

In summary, a project report for a commercial property loan should provide a detailed analysis of the project’s feasibility, profitability, and potential risks. It should also provide detailed information about the borrower, supporting documents, and a financial analysis of the project.

Tax Benefits and Legal Compliances

Tax Benefits

  • Interest paid on commercial property loans is tax-deductible.
  • Depreciation can be claimed as a tax deduction, reducing taxable income.
  • Property taxes and other expenses related to the property can also be claimed as a tax deduction.
  • If the property is sold for a profit, capital gains tax can be deferred by reinvesting the proceeds in another commercial property.

Legal Compliances

  • The loan agreement should clearly state the terms and conditions of the loan, including the interest rate, repayment schedule, and penalties for default.
  • The property should be properly appraised and inspected to ensure it meets all legal requirements.
  • The borrower should have all necessary permits and licenses to operate the business on the property.
  • The loan agreement should comply with all applicable laws and regulations, including consumer protection, anti-discrimination, and fair lending.

Step-by-Step Guide to Applying for Commercial Property Loan

Applying for a commercial property loan in India can be a daunting task. However, with proper preparation and guidance, the process can be streamlined. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you apply for a commercial property loan in India:

  • Determine your loan eligibility: Before applying for a loan, it is essential to assess your eligibility criteria. Banks and financial institutions consider various factors, such as age, income, credit score, employment status, etc., to determine your eligibility.
  • Research different lenders: Once you know your eligibility criteria, research different banks and financial institutions that offer commercial property loans. Look for competitive interest rates, flexible repayment options, and other perks like prepayment facilities.
  • Calculate your loan requirements: Once you have shortlisted a few lenders, calculate your loan requirements. It is essential to determine how much loan you require, how much EMI you can afford, and the repayment tenure.
  • Gather documents: Commercial property loans require a lot of documentation, and it is essential to gather all the necessary documents beforehand. Some of the commonly required documents include identity proof, address proof, income proof, property papers, bank statements, etc.
  • Apply for the loan: Once you have all the necessary documents, you can start applying for the loan. Some banks and financial institutions allow you to apply online, while others require visiting their branches in person.
  • Wait for loan approval: Once you have submitted your application, you need to wait for the lender to approve your loan. Depending on the lender’s processing time, this may take several days to a few weeks.
  • Sign the loan agreement: Once approved, the lender will ask you to sign the loan agreement. Make sure you read the terms and conditions carefully before signing the agreement.
  • Disbursement of loan: After signing the loan agreement, the lender will disburse the loan amount to your bank account. You can then use the funds to purchase the commercial property.

In conclusion, applying for a commercial property loan in India requires careful planning and preparation. By following these steps, you can ensure a smooth and hassle-free loan application process.

Related Resource
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Frequently Asked Questions

Is it possible to obtain a home loan for the purpose of purchasing a commercial property?

Yes, it is possible to obtain a home loan for the purpose of purchasing a commercial property, but it may not be the best or most suitable option for financing a commercial property.

What is the maximum amount of loan available for a commercial property?

The maximum amount of loan available for a commercial property will depend on various factors such as the type of property, its location, the borrower's creditworthiness, and the lender's lending policies.

What is the name of the banks with the most competitive interest rate for commercial property?

There are a few banks that offer commercial property loans under the threshold of 9% per annum interest rate. These include Axis Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Standard Chartered, and a few more.

Vimal Vijayan is a major in Philosophy with a background in Music, Artistry, Research, and Teaching. More often than not, he is as confused as a cow on an astroturf but oddly that's just his strategy for staying lazy. Also, he likes to play Chess. Fin.

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